Dr. Ziv Bohrer

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ziv.bohrer@biu.ac.il
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Short Biography

Dr. Ziv Bohrer is a Senior Lecturer at Bar-Ilan University Faculty of Law. His main research field is Public International Law, with an emphasis on researching both current and historical issues relating to International Humanitarian Law (Law of War) and to International Criminal Law. In recent years, he has been researching (among other things) the forgotten, centuries-long, pre-WW2 history of International Criminal Law. Dr. Bohrer holds bachelor degrees in law and in psychology from Haifa University (2002), and a LL.M. (cum laude; 2007), as well as a Ph.D. in law (2011) from Tel-Aviv University. His doctoral dissertation addressed the Superior Order Defense in International Criminal Law, as well as in Domestic-Comparative Criminal Law, examining the issue both from a legal-doctrinal perspective and from several different (multi-disciplinary) theoretical perspectives.

Ziv was a Visiting Scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany (2019-2020); at Cambridge University Law Faculty, UK (2017), and at Michigan University Law School, USA (2011-2012). He also was a Research Fellow at the Hebrew University - Sacher Institute for Legislative Research and Comparative Law (2012-2013), and a Visiting Lecturer at University of Georgia (UGA) Law School (2015).

Dr. Bohrer has published in various academic journals, including: Law & History Review, and Michigan Journal of International Law.

During 2020, Ziv published two books. One book, co-authored with Janina Dill (Oxford University) and Helen Duffy (Leiden University), examines the international law applicable to armed conflict. The book was initiated by the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, as part of a book series project, led and edited by Prof. Anna Peters (Institute Co-Director) and Dr. Christian Marxsen (also from the Max Planck Institute), who selected the authors based on scholarly merits. The book was published by Cambridge University Press: Ziv Bohrer, Janina Dill & Helen Duffy, Law Applicable to Armed Conflict – Part II of Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of War and Peace (Cambridge University Press, Anne Peters & Christian Marxsen eds., 2020). The second book constitutes the most comprehensive doctrinal research made thus far of the Israeli law pertaining to the Superior Order Defense: Ziv Bohrer, The Superior Order Defense and Manifestly Unlawful Orders in Israeli Law (Isr. M.o.D. Press, I. Fine ed., intro. by M. Kremnitzer, 2020) [in Hebrew].

Dr. Bohrer was elected, based on scholarly excellence, to be a member of the 2020-2021 Humanities and Social Sciences Young Scholar Forum of The Israel Academy of Sciences. The forum topic is: "Racism, Anti-Semitism, Genocide: The Holocaust in its Historical, Ideological and Cultural Contexts".

Ziv was awarded various scholarships, grants and honors, including: a Max Planck Institute Grant (2020), a DAAD Scholarship (2019), a Bar-Ilan Rector Grant (as part of a group) for Interdisciplinary Research Groups (2018), an Israel's Junior Law Faculty Workshop Paper Competition Prize (2017), a Fulbright Postdoctoral Fellowship (2011), a Wolf Foundation Doctorate Student Scholarship for Excellence (2010), and a Meitar Fellowship (2009) [valedictorian].

Dr. Bohrer is a member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Journal of the History of International Law. The other board members are: Professor Kinji Akashi (Kyushu University), Professor and former ECHR President Rudolf Bernhardt (Max Planck Institute), Professor Annabel Brett (Cambridge University), Professor Anthony Carty (University of Tsinghua), Professor Tamar Herzog (Harvard University), Professor Martti Koskenniemi (University of Helsinki), Professor Lauri Mälksoo (University of Tartu), Professor Samuel Moyn (Yale University), Professor Luigi Nuzzo (Università del Salento), Professor Liliana Obregón (Universidad de los Andes), Professor Sundhya Pahuja (University of Melbourne), Professor Miloš Vec (Vienna University).

Prior to going into Academia, Ziv Bohrer served his mandatory military service at the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) Military Advocate General Corps (2002-2006); first as a Legal Officer for Instruction and Research at the IDF School of Military Law, and later as the Legal Advisor of the Center for the Employment of IDF Civilian Workers. In 2005, he was awarded a Military Advocate General Certificate of Excellence.

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Research

Primary Research Fields: Public International Law; International Humanitarian Law (Law of War); International Criminal Law; History of International Law.

Courses (Past and Present): Public International Law; International Criminal Law; History and Theory of International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law (Law of War); The "General Part" of International Criminal Law; Israeli Criminal Law; Introduction to the Israeli Legal System; Selected Topics in International Criminal Law; Selected Topics in the Law of War (Seminar); Justifications for Punishment in International Criminal Law (Seminar).

Publications
  1. Ziv Bohrer, Visiting Forces Status in Israeli and International Law, 33 Law Studies (2021) [in Hebrew].
  2. Ziv Bohrer, The Superior Order Defense and Manifestly Unlawful Orders In Israeli Law (Isr. M.o.D. Press, I. Fine ed., intro. by M. Kremnitzer, 2020) [in Hebrew].
  3. Ziv Bohrer, The (Failed) Attempt to Try the Kaiser and the Long (Forgotten) History of International Criminal Law – Thought following William A Schabas, The Trial of the Kaiser (OUP, 2018), 53 Israel Law Review 159 (2020).
  4. Ziv Bohrer, Janina Dill & Helen Duffy, Law Applicable to Armed Conflict – Part II of Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of War and Peace (Cambridge University Press, Anne Peters & Christian Marxsen eds., 2020).
  5. Ziv Bohrer, ‘Jolly Roger’ (Pirate Flag), in International Laws Objects 259 (Jessie Hohmann and Daniel Joyce eds., Oxford University Press, 2019).
  6. Ziv Bohrer, International Criminal Law’s Millennium of Forgotten History, 34 Law & History Review 393 (2016).
  7. Ziv Bohrer, Protecting State Soldiers, Compatriot Civilians or Foreign Civilians: Proportionality’s Meanings at the Tactical, Operational and Strategic Levels of War, 46 Israel Yearbook of Human Rights 171 (2016).
  8. Ziv Bohrer, Human Rights vs Humanitarian Law or Rights vs Obligations: Reflections Following the Rulings in Hassan and Jaloud, 1 Questions of International Law 5 (2016).
  9. Ziv Bohrer & Iddo Porat, Preferring One’s Own Civilians: May Soldiers Endanger Enemy Civilians More Than They Would Endanger Their State’s Civilians?, 97 George Washington International Law Review 99 (2014).
  10. Ziv Bohrer, The Israeli Law Is a Vaster Ocean Than People Tend to Think: A Comment On: ‘Yoav Harris, On Missiles, Cement and Prize Law,’ 24 Law on the Web: Human Rights (March 2014)]in Hebrew[ (cited by the Isreali Suprume Court, in: Civil Appeal 7307/14 State of Israel v. The Ship Estelle (2016)).
  11. Ziv Bohrer, Lawyers in Warfare: Who Needs Them?, in Law and National Security: Selected Issues 45 (INSS, 2014) [published both in English and in Hebrew].
  12. Ziv Bohrer & Mark Osiel, Proportionality in War, Protecting Soldiers from Enemy Captivity, and Israel’s Cast Lead Operation—'The Soldiers Are Everyone’s Children’, 22 USC Interdisciplinary Law Journal 637 (2013).
  13. Ziv Bohrer & Mark Osiel, Proportionality in Military Force at War’s Multiple Levels: Averting Civilian Casualties vs. Safeguarding Soldiers, 46 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law‏ 747 (2013).
  14. Ziv Bohrer, England and the Superior Orders Defence—Choosing the Middle Path, 12 Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal 273 (2012).
  15. Ziv Bohrer, The Superior Orders Defense—A Principal-Agent Analysis, 41 Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law 1 (2012).
  16. Ziv Bohrer, Is the Prosecution of War Crimes Just and Effective? Rethinking the Lessons from Sociology and Psychology, 33 Michigan Journal of International Law 749 (2012).
  17. Ziv Bohrer, 'Yes Minister': On a Civil Servant's Duty to Obey Superiors' Illegal Instructions, and On the Superior Orders Defense That Should Be Afforded to Such an Obedient Servant, 35 Tel Aviv U. L. Rev. 185 (2012) [in Hebrew[ (cited by the Isreali Suprume Court, in: Criminal Appeal 7704/13 Margolin v. State of Israel (2015)).
  18. Irena Fine & Ziv Bohrer, Command Responsibility in Negligence Offences, in Criminal Law in the IDF 147 (Isr. M.o.D. Press, I. Fine eds, 2006)]in Hebrew[.
  19. Ziv Bohrer, Superior Order Defense and Manifestly Unlawful Orders, in Criminal Law in the IDF 235 (Isr. M.o.D. Press, I. Fine eds, 2006)]in Hebrew[.
  20. Ziv Bohrer, Clear and Obvious? A Critical Examination of The Superior Order Defense in Israeli Case Law, 2 IDF Law Review 193 (2006) [in English] & 17 Mishpat Ve’Tzava 351 (2004) [in Hebrew[ (cited by an Israeli court in the criminal case of the Israeli minister Zahi Ha'negbi: Crim. Case (Jeruselm) 4063/06 State of Israel v. Ha'negbi (2010)).

Last Updated Date : 10/02/2021