Prof. Sapir Gideon

Prof. Sapir Gideon
Reception hours: 


Research interests: 

Constitutional law, with a concentration in religion-state issues and constitutional theory




  1. Religion and State – A Philosophical-Legal Inquiry (2014) (with Daniel Statman)
  2. Constitutional Revolution in Israel - Past, Present & Future (2010)
  3. Essays in Honour of Izhak Englard (D. Barak-Erez & G. Sapir eds.) (2009)


  1. Halachic Perspective on Legislating Religion: The Rabbinic Controversy regarding the Sabbath Law of 1961 as a Test Case, 32 Bar-Ilan Law Studies (forthcoming 2018) (with David Aronovsky)
  2. "And Call the Sabbath a Delight" – Work, Trade and Leisure in the Sabbath in Israel - 1948-2016, 31 Bar-Ilan Law Studies (forthcoming 2017)
  3. Halacha and Meta-Halacha in Halachic Authorities' Approach Regarding Security Forces Activity on Sabbath, Shnaton Ha-Mishpat Ha-Ivri (forthcoming 2017) (with David Aronovski)
  4. Halachic Authorities' Approach Regarding Security Forces Activity on Sabbath, Dinei Israel (forthcoming 2017) (with David Aronovski)
  5. Popular Constitutionalism, 30 Bar-Ilan Law Studies  161 (2016) (with Shaul Sharf)
  6. In The Wake of  the Immanuel Affair: Would it not be Better for Religion to Detach Itself from the State? 15 Democratic Culture 217 (2013) (With Daniel Statman)
  7. On the Right to a Nation-State, 36 Tel-Aviv University Law Review 507 (2013) (with Aviad Bakshi)
  8. Minority Religions in Israel, 28 Bar-Ilan Law Studies 185 (2013) (with Daniel Statman)
  9. Justifications of the Duty to Make Employment Adjustments for People with Disabilities, 13 Haifa University Law Review 411 (2011)
  10. Book Review - Between Liberalism and Multiculturalism, 26 Bar-Ilan Law Studies 311 (2010)
  11. Is a liberal State permitted to Act on the Basis of religious Arguments 25 Bar-Ilan Law Studies 599 (2009) (With Daniel Statman)
  12. Nondelegation, 32 Tel-aviv University Law Review 5 (2009)
  13. Book Review: Outlawed Pigs, 11 Haifa University Law Review 611 (2008)
  14. The Israeli Constitutional Revolution - How did it Happen? 11 Haifa University Law Review 571 (2008)
  15. Three Models of Constitutionalism, 37 Hebrew University Law Review 349 (2007)
  16. Jewish Religious Services Law-A Proposed Framework for Privatization Reform, 23 Bar-Ilan L. Stud. 117 (2006) (with Hadar Lifshits)
  17. Old v. New: Vertical Balance and Proportionality, 22 Bar-Ilan L. Stud. 471 (2006)
  18. Who Shall Decide Who Is a Jew? On the Proper Role of the Judiciary in a Democratic State, 22 Bar-Ilan L. Stud. 269 (2006)(with Shachar Lifshits)
  19. The Limits of Establishment of Religion, 8 Haifa University Law Review 155 (2005)
  20. Freedom of Religion, Freedom from Religion and the Protection of Religious Feelings, 21 Bar-Ilan L. Stud. 5 (2004) (with Daniel Statman)
  21. The Constitutional Judicial Proceeding as a Political Proceeding, 19 Bar-Ilan L. Stud. 461 (2003)
  22. Two Learned Scholars Among Us, 25 Tel-Aviv U. L. Rev.189 (2001)
  23. Drafting Yeshiva Students in Israel: A Proposed Framework of the Relevant Normative Considerations, 9 Plilim 217 (2001)


  1. Is the Law of Return (Still) Justified? Edmond Levi Memorial Book (E. Hayut, E. Rubinstein, I. Amit & E. Gordon eds.) (forthcoming 2017)
  2. Prison Privatization, Essays in Honor of Dorit Beinisch (I. Bar-Siman-Tov ed.) (forthcoming 2017)
  3. Professor Englard and Justice Englard - Complition or Contradiction? Essays in Honor of Izhak Englard (D. Barak-Erez and G. Sapir eds. 2009) 305
  4. Proportionality and Compromise, Dorner Book (S. Almog, D. Beinish and Y. Rotem eds. 2009) 397)



  1. Israeli Constitution: From Evolution to Revolution (forthcoming 2017, Oxford U. Press)
  2. State and Religion in Israel: Philosophical-Legal Inquiry (forthcoming 2017, Cambridge U. Press) (with Daniel Statman)
  3. Israeli Constitutional Law in the Making (G. Sapir, D. Barak-Erez & A. Barak eds., 2013)


  1. Religious Reasons for the Separation of Religion and State, Journal of Law and Religion (forthcoming 2017) (with Dniel Statman)
  2. Law, Religion, and Immigration; Building Bridges with Express Lanes, 31 Emory International Law Review (forthcoming 2017) (with Mark Goldfeder)
  3. The Protection of Holly Places, 10 Law & Ethics of Human Rights 135 (2016) (with Daniel Statman)
  4. Non-Jewish Religions in Israel, 30 Journal of Law & Religion  65 (2015) (with Daniel Statman)
  5. Religious Arguments in the Public Sphere vs. the Freedom from Religion, 3 Law, Religion & State 242 (2013) (With Daniel Statman)
  6. Popular Constitutionalism - The Jewish Version, 7 Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies 49 (2013)
  7. Constitutional Revolutions - Israel as a Case Study, 5 International Journal of Law in Context 355 (2010)
  8. Religious Marriage in a Liberal State, 30 Cardozo L. Rev. (with Daniel Statman) (2009)
  9. Book Review - Yakobson & Rubinstein: Israel and the Family of Nations, 11 Democratic Culture 295 (2007)
  10. How Should a Court Deal with a Primary Question That the Legislator Seeks to Avoid? 39 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1233 (2006)
  11. Why Freedom of Religion does not Include Freedom from Religion, 24 Law and Philosophy 467 (2005) (with Daniel Statman)
  12. Can an Orthodox Jew Participate in the Public Life of the State of Israel?,20 Shofar 85 (2002)
  13. Law or Politics: Israeli Constitutional Adjudication as a Case Study, 6 UCLA J. of Int'l L. & Foreign Aff. 169 (2001)
  14. Religion and State in Israel - The Case for Reevaluation and Constitutional Entrenchment, 22 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 617 (1999)
  15. Religion and State - A Fresh Theoretical Start, 75 Notre Dame L. Rev. 579 (1999)


  1. Popular Constitutionalism and Constitutional Dialogue, Deliberative Constitutionalism (Ron Levy et al eds.) (forthcoming 2017, Cambridge U. Press)
  2. Religion and State in Israel, Oxford Bibliographies in Jewish Studies (N. Seidman Ed.) (2015)
  3. Religious Marriage in a Liberal State, Constitutional Secularism in an Age of Religious Revival (M. Rosenfeld & S. Mancini eds., 2014) 269 (with Daniel Statman) (revised version of an earlier publication)
  4. Israel as a Nation State in the Supreme Court Rulings, The Israeli Nation-State 164 (F. Oz-Salzberger and Y. Stern eds.) (2014) (with Aviad Bakshi)
  5. Why a Constitution-in General and in Particular in the Israeli Context? Israeli Constitutional Law in the Making (Gideon Sapir, Daphne Barak-Erez & Aharon Barak eds.) (2013) 9
  6. A Jewish Nation-State: A Discussion in Light of the Family Reunification Case Israeli Constitutional Law in the Making 487 (Gideon Sapir, Daphne Barak-Erez & Aharon Barak eds. 2013) (with Aviad Bakshi) (revised version of an earlier publication).



Prof. Gideon Sapir received his law degree from Bar-Ilan University, an LL.M. and S.J.D. from Northwestern University, and Rabbinic Degree from the Israeli Chief Rabbinate. His teaching and research areas of interest are constitutional law (with concentration on religion and state) and constitutional theory.

Professor Sapir has been a visiting professor and scholar at Northwestern, Emory, Monash and University of Toronto. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Kohelet Policy Forum and a Senior Fellow at the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory Law School.

Among his many publications are dozens of articles in major law reviews and several books, in Hebrew and English. His two latest books - Israeli Constitution: From Evolution to Revolution (Oxford U. Press) and State and Religion in Israel: Pilosophical-Legal Inquiry (Cambridge U. Press) - are scheduled for publication in 2017.

In addition to his academic work, Prof. Sapir is involved in social causes. In this capacity, he is the founder of two legal clinics, under the auspices of Bar-Ilan Law Faculty: Disability Rights Clinic and Elderly Rights Clinic.