Prof. Miriam Marcowitz-Bitton

Building 306, Room 104
Reception Hours
Meetings should be coordinated in advance
Short Biography

Prof. Miriam Marcowitz-Bitton is a law professor at Bar-Ilan University School of Law in Israel. She received her Bachelor of Laws and Master of Laws degrees at Bar-Ilan University School of Law, as well as another Master of Laws and a Doctor of the Science of Law at the University of Michigan School of Law. A former Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law, Miami University School of Law, and Ohio State University School of Law, she was also the Microsoft Research Fellow at U.C. Berkeley School of Law and a Visiting Fellow at George Washington University Law School. Prof. Bitton writes and teaches in the fields of intellectual property law, law and technology, and property. Her articles are published in major journals in Israel, the U.S. and Europe. She is the winner of the prestigious Alon Fellowship for the years 2009-2011 (granted by the Council of Higher Education in Israel to promising junior faculty members in Israel), the 100,000 EUROs Marie Curie International Reintegration Grant (granted by the European Union Commission), and the Zeltner Award for Junior Legal Scholars granted annually to one junior promising legal scholar in Israel by the Rotary Foundation and Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law (2013). Prof. Bitton’s current research agenda is focused on Israeli and American patent law and criminal enforcement of intellectual property law.




.Law and Technology, Intellectual Property Law, Property




1. Exploring European Union Copyright Policy Through the Lens of the Database Directive, 23 BERKELEY TECHNOLOGY LAW JOURNAL 1411 (2008)
2. Trends in Protection for Informational Works Under Copyright Law During the 19th and 20th Centuries, 13 MICHIGAN TELECOMMUNICATION & TECHNOLOGY LAW REVIEW 115 (2007)
3. Grokking Grokster: Has the Supreme Court Changed Inducement under Patent Law?, 34 AIPLA QUARTERLY JOURNAL 265 (2006) (with Gary N. Frischling)
4. A New Outlook on the Economic Dimension of the Database Protection Debate, 47 IDEA: THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW REVIEW 93 (2006)
5. Protection for Informational Works After Feist Publications Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service, 21 FORDHAM INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT LAW JOURNAL 611 (2011)
6. Modernizing Copyright Law, 20 TEXAS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW JOURNAL 65 (2011)
7. Rethinking the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement Criminal Copyright Measures, 102 JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY 101 (2011)
8. Implementing the Public Sector Information Directive, [2012] 2 EUROPEAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY REVIEW 74 (2012)
9. Exploring the Standard of Review of Transactions with Controlling Shareholders After In re MFW Shareholders Litigation, 7 PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY'S JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURSHIP & THE LAW 447 (2014) (with Odelia Minnes) 10. Patenting Abstractions 15 N.C. J.L. & TECH. 153 (2014), available at
11. Examining the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, JOURNAL OF INTERNET LAW, March 2014, page 25-38
12. Intellectual Property Securitization, 33 CARDOZO'S ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT LAW JOURNAL 125 (with Dr. Dov Solomon) (2015)
13. Commercializing Public Sector Information, 97 JOURNAL OF THE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE SOCIETY 412 (2015)
14. Recoupment Patent, 98(3) NORTH CAROLINA LAW REVIEW 481 (lead author; with Dr. Maayan Perel & Dr. Yotam Kaplan) (2019)
15. Regulation of Book Markets, 97(3) WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 835 (with Prof. Jacob Nussim) (2019)
16. Unregistered Patents and Gender Equality, 43 HARVARD JOURNAL OF LAW AND GENDER 47 (with Prof. Emily M. Morris & Dr. Yotam Kaplan) (0202)
17. The Distributive Effects of IP Registration, 23(2) STANFORD TECHNOLOGY LAW REVIEW 306 (with Prof. Emily M. Morris) (2020)
18. Unregistered Patents, 95 WASHINGTON LAW REVIEW 1835 (with Prof. Emily M. Morris(
19. Patent Fraud by Design, 38 CARDOZO ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT LAW JOURNAL 359 (with Mordechay Sorek & Dr. Yotam Kaplan) (2020)
20. An Empirical Study of Gender and Race in Trademark Prosecution, 94(6) SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LAW REVIEW 1407 (with William Michael Schuster & Deborah Gerhardt) (2021)
21. A Global Pandemic Remedy for Vaccines Nationalism, 54 CORNELL JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 101 (2022) (with Prof. Orit Fishman-Afori & Prof. Emily M. Morris)
22. Recalibrating Patent Protection for Covid-19 Vaccines: A Path to Affordable Access and Equitable Distribution, 12 UC IRVINE L. REV. 423 (with Dr. Yotam Kaplan) (2021)
23. Parallel Import and Price Regulation in the Pharmaceutical Market: The Israeli Experience, 31 MINNESOTA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 111 (2022) (with Dr. Yifat Nahmias & Dr. Tehila Rozenzweig Feldman)
24. Remedying Shaming: Comparative Assessment, 5 CARDOZO INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW JOURNAL 49 (2022) (with Dr. Hillel Sommer)
25. Where the Gender Gap Meets Academic Patenting: An Empirical Study, 18 OHIO STATE TECHNOLOGY LAW JOURNAL 239 (2022) (with Prof. Orit Fishman-Afori & Dr. Sharon Bar-Ziv)
26. Fair Use as A Market Facilitator, 55 AKRON LAW REVIEW 317 (2022) (with Danny Bombach)
27. The Gender Gap in Academic Patenting in the U.S.: An Empirical Study, UC DAVIS LAW REVIEW (forthcoming 2022) (with Michael W. Schuster & Deborah Gerhardt)
28. The Future of Copyright Enforcement: The Promise of Civil Enforcement, GEORGE MASON LAW REVIEW (forthcoming 2022)


29. Criminal Enforcement of Copyrights, 29 MEHKAERI MISHPAT (BAR-ILAN LEGAL STUDIES) 511 (2014)
30. Database Protection in Israel, 9 MOZNEI MISHPAT 13 (2014)
31. The People of the Book and the Law of the Book: The Israeli Law for the Protection of Literature and Authors, 31 MEHKAERI MISHPAT (BAR ILAN LEGAL STUDIES) 223 (2017) (with Prof. Jacob Nussim)
32. The Intent Requirement in Copyright Law: Thoughts Following Qimron v. Shanks, 12 MOZNEI MISHPAT 267 (2019)
33. The A.S.I.R Import, Manufacture, and Distribution v. Accessories and Products Ltd. Decision at Its 20th Anniversary: Trends in Courts, 51(2) DIN UDEVARIM 599 (2002) (with Dr. Yifat Nahmias)
34. Walls of Desperation: Selection Committees of Candidates in Israeli Communal Settlements, 02 MISHPAT UMIMSHAL 125 (special issue on Mizrahi Jews and the Law) (0201) (with Dr. Shai Stern)
35. Regulation of the Israeli Pharmaceutical Market, 4 REGULATION STUDIES 253 (2021) (with Dr. Yifat Nahmias & Dr. Tehila Rozenzweig Feldman)
36. The Gender Gap in Academic Patenting in Israel, 6 REGULATION STUDIES 27 (2022) (with Prof. Orit Fishman-Afori & Dr. Sharon Bar-Ziv)
37. Critical Review of Ruth Gabizon’s Perspective on Jewish Settlement,51 MOZNEI MISHPAT 75 (2020) (with Dr. Meital Pinto)


38. Feist, Facts and Functions: Historical Perspective, in "Intellectual Property Protection of Fact-Based Works: Copyright and Its Alternatives" (Robert Brauneis Editor) (2009)
39. Re-Use of Public Records: Comparative Analysis, in Beyond IP, Shlomit Yaniski-Ravid ed. (2016)
40. Unregistered Patents and Gender Equality: Global Perspective, in Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Global Inequality ( CUP, 2022) (with Prof. Emily M. Morris & Dr. Yotam Kaplan)


41. Book Chapter: Criminal Enforcement of Copyrights in Israel, in INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS, (Miriam Marcowitz-Bitton & Lior Zemer, eds.) (2015)
42. Originality and the Author’s Intent in Copyright Law, in JUSTICE YAACOV TURKEL BOOK (Aharon Barak, Karin Yefet, & Elyakim Rubinstein eds.) (Nevo Press, 2019)
43. What is Left from the A.S.I.R Import, Manufacture, and Distribution v. Accessories and Products Ltd. Decision in the Field of Intellectual Property Law?, in JUSTICE ELYAKIM RUBINSTEIN BOOK (with Dr. Yifat Nahmias) (Bar Ilan Press and Nevo Press, 2020)
44. Disruptive Technologies in Israeli Copyright Law, in EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES – LEGAL CHALLENGES IN THE ISRAELI LAW (Lior Zemer, Aviv Gaon, and Dov Greenbaum, eds. 2022) (with Dr. Yifat Nahmias)


45. Intellectual Property Law: Interdisciplinary Analysis, Co-Editor, (with Prof. Lior Zemer) (Nevo Press, 2015)
46. Justice Elyakim Rubinstein Book, Lead Editor, Book (with Prof. Aharon Barak & Ayala Proccacia) (Bar Ilan Press and Nevo Press, 2020); + academic introduction

Last Updated Date : 18/12/2022